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Competitive, Integrated Employment

According to Institute on Community Inclusion’s 2016 StateData Report, over 12,000 consumers of the Georgia’s State Developmental Disability program in 2015 participated in facility based non-work services, with Medicaid waivers providing 87% of the funding. Compared to the fraction of waiver funding spent on the 2300 individuals who were served in integrated employment that same year, it’s no wonder there is a focus on community based services, but it is a complex issue that requires significant changes on the local, state and federal level.


Today, there are over 39 Community Rehabilitation Programs in Georgia with active Section 14(c) Certificates. This certificate, administered by the US DOL’s Wage and Hour division,  allows the CRPs  to provide sub-minimum wages to 1,226 individuals with disabilities, most of which is performed on production type work in the facility. Compared to the number of individuals paid sub-minimum wage in 2017 (3,483), Georgia is seemingly headed in the right direction, but there is still a lot of work to do. 

Georgian’s with disabilities competitive employment rate in 2016: 34.7%


Individuals with disabilities, particularly those with significant disabilities, have the right to be included in the competitive workforce, and fully participate in all aspects of community life.


Advancing Employment believes that all individuals, including those with the

most significant disabilities, are capable of gaining meaningful employment

in the community, earning real wages and contributing to the workplace.

A graph is shown showing examples of people with disabilities disadvantages.

Additional Resources

Section 14 (c) Subminimum Wage

To learn more about Subminimum Wage Employment of Workers with Disabilities and the changes to the program related to the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA)? Click here to learn more

To learn more about the Georgia Vocational Rehabilitation Agency’s press release regarding limitations on the use of subminimum wage.

Click here to learn more


Improving Workforce Participation

Work Matters: A Framework for States on Workforce Development for People with Disabilities was published in 2016 following the work of The Council of State Government’s National Task Force on Workforce Development for People with Disabilities as a resource for state policymakers. Click here to learn more

Launched in 2006, the State Employment Leadership Network is a membership based network of state ID/DD agencies, which includes Georgia’s DD division,  that are working towards making changes in their service systems related to improving integrated employment outcomes. Click here to learn more

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